The current Presidential fleet also includes two Fokker F28 (T-02 and T-03) (one always in service) and Learjet 60 (T-10). In addition, all the requirements for becoming a Senator apply. 22 de noviembre de 2015 . , María Eugenia Vidal was elected governor of the populous Buenos Aires Province, defeating the controversial Aníbal Fernández; her victory influenced as well the growth of Macri in the presidential elections. Appoints the other judges of the lower federal courts according to a binding three candidates proposed by the Judiciary Council, with the Senate, in public session, in which the suitability of candidates will be considered. Appoints the judges of the Supreme Court with the Senate by two-thirds of the members present, at a public meeting convened for that purpose. Macri preferred to take part in a single debate with Scioli, and opted for the one organized by Argentina Debate. In 2005 and again in 2010, Argentina offered holders of defaulted bonds a restructuring. After twelve years of a populist, center-left government, Argentine politics are on the brink of turning right. Mauricio Macri smiled contentedly as he was adorned with the presidential sash and baton.  Opposition candidates, including Sergio Massa, Mauricio Macri and Margarita Stolbizer called for the nationwide implementation of a unified ballot and/or electronic voting, though Massa in particular was more cautious, saying it was more realistic for such a system to be implemented by 2017. Article 29 of the Constitution of 1853 had an article that considered the usurpation of public power as 'treason', but was referred to the de jure rulers. In 1966 and 1976, the federal government was undertaken by a military junta, where power was shared by the chiefs of the armed forces. Réclamé depuis des années par les mouvements féministes, le projet de loi, désormais soutenu par le président Alberto Fernandez, prévoit la possibilité d'avorter jusqu'à la 14e semaine de grossesse. , There are a total of 257 seats of the Chamber of Deputies, elected from 24 electoral districts–the 23 provinces, plus the federal district of Buenos Aires, which its own executive and legislature and is represented in the national Congress like all other provinces. This constitution gave the Supreme Director the power of appointing Governors of the provinces. BUENOS AIRES, Argentina — Pro-market leader Mauricio Macri won Argentina’s presidential runoff vote on Sunday, according to exit polls, heralding an end to 12 years of leftist government. Argentina votes in polarised presidential elections Country could be headed for its first-ever runoff as pre-election polls suggest no candidate will win outright majority. The Supreme Directors became Heads of State after Independence was declared on 9 July 1816, but there was not yet truly a presidential system. Both Macri and Massa easily defeated their rivals in the primary elections; Scioli, Stolbizer and Rodríguez Saá were the single candidates of their respective parties. First President born an Argentine citizen: First President elected in the twentieth century: First President elected in the twenty-first century: Living former presidents as of December 30, 2020: This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 18:50. The party receiving the most votes wins two seats, and the second-placed party won one. In the Chamber of Deputies ( Cámara de Diputados ) 257 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms. That doctrine was nullified by the constitutional reform of 1994, which added Article 36 (see below). This constitution did come into force, resulting in the election of the first President, Bernardino Rivadavia. In the absence of both the President and the Vice President, the succession is regulated by the Law 20,972 ("Acephaly Law"). The Argentine Constitution (art. Each party is allowed to register up to two candidates; one of those registered must be female. , The election of the president was carried out using the ballotage system, a modified version of the two-round system in which a candidate can win the presidency in the first round either by receiving 45% of the vote, or by receiving 40% of the vote and finishing at least 10 percentage points ahead of the second-place candidate. As helicopters, a Sikorsky S-70 (H-01pic) and two Sikorsky S-76 (H-02pic and H-03pic) also make-up the fleet, with an additional Air Force Bell 212, as needed. She succeeded her husband, Nestor Kirchner, who had served as president from 2003 to 2007. The former governor of Chubut Mario Das Neves was elected again.  Juan Schiaretti won the elections in Córdoba, and he is the single governor of the UNA ticket. In order to be in concordance with the "one-third female" law enforces that one-third of the overall seats in the Chamber of Deputies are female. , Lucía Corpacci was reelected in Catamarca and Gildo Insfrán was reelected in Formosa. The aircraft is nicknamed Virgen de Luján after Argentina's patron saint. Each district is represented by three senatorial seats. These candidates didn't receive at least of the 1.5% of valid votes to pass to the general election. Bartolomé Mitre was the first president of the unified country, when Buenos Aires rejoined the Confederation. During a week, the provisional results suggested that Gustavo Bordet may be the new governor of Entre Ríos, but Alfredo de Angeli claimed that the uncounted votes may turn the tide and make him the winner instead. The primary elections and some local elections had scandals of Electoral fraud. General elections were held in Argentina on 25 October 2015 to elect the President and National Congress, and followed primary elections which were held on 9 August 2015. Argentina's President says prosecutor's death was not a suicide. This stipulation was abolished in 1994. Thu 22 Jan 2015 08.59 EST.  The PRO stronghold had gone to a second round between Larreta and Martín Lousteau (also of the Cambiemos front, but not in the same party) after the Front for Victory's Mariano Recalde finished third. They and their immediate successors were denied the right to a presidential pension after the conclusion of their terms. Opinion polls previous to the result suggested that Scioli would win by a wide margin, and might even be able to avoid a ballotage. Open primary elections for the Presidency were held nationwide on 9 August 2015. Daniel Scioli accepted his defeat when 70% of the votes were counted; the provisional results were 53% and 47% at that moment. It provides that the Executive Power must be temporarily exercised (without assuming the title of President) by the provisional President of the Senate; in his absence, by the President of the Chamber of Deputies; and in the absence of both, by the President of the Supreme Court. President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner was re-elected in 2011. All the minor candidates resigned when Kirchner asked them to do so. If no candidate obtains the necessary votes to win in the first round, then the two candidates with the most votes compete in the second round, held two weeks later, when the candidate with the most votes in that round is elected president. In order to win the election in the first round, the winning candidate's party must receive either more than 45 percent of so-called "positive votes," or votos positivos (Section 97) or at least 40 percent of positive votes and be more than 10 percentage points ahead of the next most-voted candidate (Section 98). Mauricio Macri becomes president of Argentina. Many smaller parties had created a coalition the previous year, the Broad Front UNEN.  An internal congress of the Radical Civic Union decided to do so as well, and proposing Ernesto Sanz as their precandidate. Current President Alberto Fernández was sworn into office on 10 December 2019. However, the final results showed only a narrow lead for Scioli, with his 37.08% just ahead of Macri's 34.15%, leading to new elections on 22 November.  The authority in charge of regulating elections rejected changing the system within 2015 since they claimed it would be too short term to implement the changes and explain to the public how the new system works.. BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA (DECEMBER 9, 2015) (ARGENTINE GOV - ACCESS ALL) // 4. Argentine President Mauricio Macri accompanied by AMIA's Vice President Ralph Thomas Saieg arrives to attend a ceremony marking the 22nd anniversary of the 1994 attack that left 85 dead at …  On the first runoff voting ever held for an Argentine Presidential Election, Buenos Aires Mayor Mauricio Macri narrowly defeated Front for Victory candidate and Buenos Aires Province Governor Daniel Scioli with 51.34% of votes. , Ariel Velázquez, a sympathizer of the Radical Civic Union, was shot in his house in Jujuy, after taking part in the political campaign. When the ballotage was confirmed, he asked Macri for a presidential debate between both candidates, which was accepted. firstname.lastname@example.org ... soccer team in the country —of international projection as well— has served as a key experience for the future President of Argentina. , Vote buying is also a common tool utilized in Argentine elections. CNN's Diego Laje lays out the long list of voter expectations for Argentinian's new president, Mauricio Macri. The Republican Proposal also retained the city of Buenos Aires, that elected Horacio Rodríguez Larreta as the new mayor. On 25 October elections numerous provinces also elected governors, with the new ones beginning their terms on 10 December 2015. Published Mon, Nov 23 2015 2:06 AM EST Updated Mon, Nov 23 2015 9:58 AM EST. denouncing this aircraft as an unnecessary and expensive luxury prone to abuse by presidents, their families, friends and political allies.  The third senatorial seat was established in the Constitution of 1994 in order to better represent the largest minority in each district. The president of Argentina (Spanish: Presidente de Argentina), officially known as the President of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina), is both head of state and head of government of Argentina. As the Constitution of Argentina does not allow more than two consecutive terms, several politicians from the Front for Victory (FPV) speculated about a constitutional amendment to allow unlimited re-elections. Positive votes are valid votes cast for any of the candidates, leaving out of the count blank and spoiled ballots. The case is currently held by the national Supreme Court. A special law enacted with the absolute majority of all the members of each House shall regulate the procedure and scope of Congress intervention. In 1962, the President of the Senate ruled, but in the other cases, a military chief assumed the title of President. MAURICIO MACRI won Argentina's second-round runoff election on November 22nd to become the country's next president.  Randazzo did not accept to run for governor of the Buenos Aires province, which had primary elections between minister Aníbal Fernández and Julián Domínguez. In the Senate ( Senado ) 72 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 6-year terms*. Is the supreme head of the Nation, head of government and is politically responsible for the general administration of the country. With Kirchner unable to run, three candidates led the opinion polls; Daniel Scioli, Sergio Massa and Mauricio Macri. That is, a presidential candidate must be a native of his or her province or a resident of his or her province for at least two years and have an annual income of at least 2,000 pesos. Sections 94 to 98 detail the electoral requirements. Citizens may vote for any candidate of any party, but may only cast a single vote. President 6 50px: Buenaventura Báez: 8 October 1856 13 June 1858 President 7 50px: José Desiderio Valverde: 13 June 1858 31 August 1858 President 8 50px: Pedro Santana: 31 August 1858 18 March 1861 President From 1861 until 1865, Dominican Republic was annexed by Spain. He was the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers during the entirety of Néstor Kirchner’s presidency, and the early months of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner’s. Similarly, the unpopular Fernández may have subtracted non-Kirchnerite votes from Scioli. Au cas où la fonction de président de la Nation devenait vacante, c'est le président provisoire du Sénat qui est chargé de l'intérim.  Several controversies took place during the time of the elections, or related to the elections themselves. Alberto Ángel Fernández (born 2 April 1959) is an Argentine lawyer and politician who is the President of Argentina after winning the 2019 general election.